Playing Cricket - a basic guide for students of English

Cricket is a game or sport for two teams of eleven players each. A game can last from a few hours to several days.

Two wickets - consisting of 3 vertical sticks with small pieces of wood linking them across the top - the bails - are placed 22 yards (about 20 metres) apart in a large field of short grass.

The idea of the game is to score as many runs as possible. The team that scores the most runs is the winner.

To start, the umpire (referee) tosses a coin and the captain of the team that wins the toss decides if his team will bat or field.

The batting team (I'll call it Team A) sends 2 men to bat. They have to defend the wicket against the bowler from the other team (Team B), and at the same time score as many runs as possible.

The bowler from team B runs and bowls the ball (throws it by rotating his arm), trying to hit the wicket opposite, which is defended by team A's batsman who uses a wooden bat. If the batsman misses the ball and the ball hits the wicket, the batsman is out, and walks off the field, taking no further part in the present innings.

If the batsman misses and his leg stops the ball hitting the wicket, he is out. This is called LBW (leg before wicket).

The batsman for his part tries to hit the ball as far as possible, and if successful, both batsmen (from either end) run from one wicket to the other. If they succeed, they have made 1 run. If they manage to return by running again, they score 2 runs, and can possibly score 3 runs in this way. If the batsman hits the ball and it goes all the way to the boundary of the field, that is 4 runs, or if the ball reaches the boundary without touching the ground, it scores 6 runs.

Team B's men, whose fielders are scattered about the field, do everything possible to stop the batsmen from scoring runs. They do this in different ways:

1. they try to catch the ball before it reaches the ground. If a fielder catches the ball, the batsman who hit it is out. This is called caught out. If the batsman's bat touches the ball but the ball continues and the man behind the wicket catches it, the batsman is also caught out.

2. if a fielder throws the ball and it hits the wicket before the batman manages to reach the crease (a chalk line just in front of the wicket) the batsman is out. This is called run out.


to be continued . . ?

Home Educational Trips English Study